Djiofack B. Y., Beeckman H., Bourland N., Belanganayi B. L., Laurent F., Ilondea, B. A., Nsenga L., Huart A., Longwwango M. M., Deklerck V., Lejeune G., Verbiest W. W M, Van den Bulcke J., Van Acker J., De Mil T., Hubau W.  [2024 ] Natural forest regeneration through fire protection is a less imminent threat for truly stable savannas than afforestation. Global Change Biology, 30, e17370.
African bistable savannas have important biodiversity value and merit conservation. At the same time, forest restoration is a nature-based solution that can be used to increase biodiversity, carbon stocks, and human well-being. Here we describe an experiment based on natural forest regeneration through the exclusion of anthropogenic fire. We show that it is easier to let nature do its work instead of channeling it into an artificial man-made ecosystem through human-induced burning or planting. We emphasize that nature-based solutions must be biome-appropriate and the choice between restoring forests or protecting savannas requires a thorough understanding of the local context.