208__320x240_gas-emission-1Since the beginning of the industrial era (1850), atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases have increased significantly, causing major environmental changes that affect the entire global biodiversity. According to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), the emission of greenhouse gases due to human activity is the main cause of current climate change, inducing the modification of certain environmental parameters such as temperature on the surface of the Earth, ocean levels and acidity, or the accentuation of climate events.

Following changes in the atmospheric concentration of greenhouse gases, the complex relationships within biological communities, that result of a long coevolution, are evolving to reach a new equilibrium. The unit of Functional and Evolutionary Entomology assesses the consequences of climate change on the biology, physiology and behavior of insects and on plant-insect interactions.